Mahatma Gandhi Essay|Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English: Mahatma Gandhi was an influential political leader of India, known for leading the country’s nonviolent resistance movement against British colonialism. After studying law in England, Gandhi returned to India and became a prominent leader of the Indian National Congress. He supported India’s independence from British rule and promoted the philosophy of nonviolent resistance. Gandhiji was arrested several times by the British authorities, but continued to lead protests and campaigns against British rule. In 1947, India finally gained independence, and Gandhi played a key role in the country’s transition to democracy. He was assassinated by a Hindu extremist in 1948.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay

1200 words to 100 words essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English

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After reading these essays on Mahatma Gandhi, you will learn about the life and ideals of Mahatma Gandhi, the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, what role he played in the freedom struggle and why he is the most respected leader across the world; How to celebrate his birthday etc.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Essay (1200 words)


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as “Mahatma Gandhi”, was one of the great sons of Indian soil who became a great soul and made a major contribution to India’s great freedom struggle against British rule in India. He was a man of ideologies and a man of great patience and courage. Their non-violent movements involved peaceful protests and non-cooperation with British rule. These moves had long-term effects on the British and also helped India attract the attention of world leaders and gain attention on international platforms.

Family and life of Mahatma Gandhi

Birth and childhood

Mahatma Gandhi was born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar (located in the present state of Gujarat). His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was working as the Chief Minister (diwan) of Porbandar at that time. His mother Putlibai was a very devoted and generous woman. The young Gandhi was a reflection of her mother and inherited high values, ethics and sense of sacrifice from her.

Marriage and education

Mohandas married Kasturba Makanji at the age of 13. In 1888 they were blessed with a baby boy and after which he sailed to London for higher studies. In 1893 he went to South Africa to continue practicing law, where he faced severe racial discrimination from the English. The most important incident that completely changed the young Gandhi was when he was forcibly removed from the first class compartment of a train because of his race and colour.

Civil rights movement in Africa

After the discrimination and acceptance that Gandhi faced because of his race and color, he vowed to fight and challenge the racial discrimination of immigrants in South Africa. In 1894 he formed the Natal Indian Congress and began to fight racial discrimination. He fought for the civil rights of immigrants in South Africa and spent about 21 years there.

Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian freedom struggle

Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and joined the Indian National Congress and started raising voice against British rule in India and demanded complete independence or ‘Purn Swaraj’ for India. He started many non-violent movements and protests against the British and was also imprisoned several times in his long search for freedom. Their campaigns were completely peaceful and without the participation of any force or weapon. His ideology of “ahimsa”, which means not to hurt anyone, was highly appreciated and was also followed by many great personalities across the world.

Why was Gandhi called Mahatma?

“Mahatma” is a Sanskrit word meaning “great soul”. It is said that Rabindranth Tagore was the first to use the word “Mahatma” for Gandhi. It was because of Gandhi’s great thoughts and ideologies that people honored him by calling him “Mahatma Gandhi”. The great sense of sacrifice, love and help that he demonstrated throughout his life was a source of great respect for every Indian citizen.

Mahatma Gandhi showed compassion towards people affected by leprosy throughout his life. He treated the wounds of lepers and took care of them. In the times when people ignored and discriminated against lepers, Gandhi’s humanitarian compassion towards them made him a person of great feelings and great soul, justifying himself as Mahatma.

What are the achievements of Gandhiji?

Mahatma Gandhi was a man with a mission who not only fought for the independence of the country but also made his invaluable contribution in eliminating various evils from the society. The achievements of Mahatma Gandhi are summarized below:

He fought against racial discrimination in South Africa

Racial discrimination in South Africa shocked Mahatma Gandhi and he vowed to fight it. He questioned the law that denies people from outside the European region the right to vote. He continued to fight for civil rights for immigrants in South Africa and became a prominent face of civil rights activism.

Face of India’s freedom struggle

Mahatma Gandhi was the liberal face of the freedom struggle. They challenged British rule in India through their peaceful and non-violent protests. Champaran Satyagraha, Civil Disobedience Movement, Salt March, Quit India Movement etc. are some of the non-violent movements led by him, which shook the foundation of the British in India and drew the attention of the global audience to India’s freedom struggle. ,

Uprooting the evils of society

Gandhiji also worked to remove various social evils prevalent in the society at that time. He launched several campaigns to ensure equal rights for the untouchables and improve their status in society. She also worked on women’s empowerment, education and opposition to child marriage, which had a long-term impact on Indian society.

What was Gandhiji famous for?

Mahatma Gandhi was one of the great personalities of India. He was a man of simplicity and great ideology. His non-violent way of fighting a very powerful enemy without using weapons or shedding a single drop of blood amazed the whole world. His patience, courage and disciplined life made him popular and attracted people from all over the world.

He was the person who contributed most to India’s independence from British rule. He dedicated his entire life to the country and its people. He was the face of Indian leadership on the international stage. He was a man of morals, values and discipline who inspires young generations around the world even in the modern era.

Gandhiji was also famous for his strict discipline. He always advocated the importance of self-discipline in life. He believed that it helps one achieve larger goals and that the grace of non-violence can be achieved only through rigorous discipline.

These qualities of the great leader made him famous not only in India but across the world and inspired global personalities like Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King.


Mahatma Gandhi helped India realize its dream of achieving ‘Purna Swaraj’ or complete independence and brought global recognition to the country. Although he left this world on January 30, 1948, his ideologies and thoughts still exist in the minds of his followers and act as guides to live their lives. He proved that anything is possible in the world if you have strong will, courage and determination.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Essay (800 words)


Ahimsa or “Ahimsa” is the practice of not hurting anyone intentionally or unintentionally. This is a practice propounded by great saints like Gautam Buddha and Mahavira. Mahatma Gandhi was one of the leading personalities in the practice of non-violence. He used non-violence as a weapon to fight the armed forces of the British Empire and helped us achieve independence without picking up a single weapon.

Role of nonviolence in India’s freedom struggle

The role of nonviolence in India’s freedom struggle gained importance after the participation of Mahatma Gandhi. At the same time, many violent freedom struggles also took place in the country and their importance cannot be ignored. Our freedom fighters who fought against British rule made many sacrifices. But non-violence was a very peaceful protest and a great way to demand complete independence. Mahatma Gandhi used non-violence in every movement against British rule. The most important non-violent movements of Mahatma Gandhi, which helped in shaking the foundation of British rule, are as follows.

Champaran and Kheda Movement

In 1917, the British forced the farmers of Champaran to cultivate indigo and sell it at very low fixed prices. Mahatma Gandhi led a non-violent protest against this practice and the British were forced to accept the demands of the farmers.

In 1918, there was a flood in Kheda village and there was a severe famine in the area. The British were not ready to give concessions or tax exemptions. Gandhiji launched the non-cooperation movement and led peaceful protests against the British administration for several months. Ultimately, the administration was forced to grant tax exemptions and temporarily suspend revenue collection.

Non-Cooperation Movement

The non-cooperation movement began in 1920 due to the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and harsh British policies. It was a non-violent protest against British rule. Gandhiji believed that the main reason for the prosperity of the British in India was the support they received from Indians. He advocated a boycott of British products and promoted the use of “swadeshi” products. Indians refused to work for the British and withdrew from British schools, civil services, government jobs, etc. People started resigning from key positions which greatly affected the British administration. The Non-Cooperation Movement shook the foundations of British rule without the use of a single weapon. The power of nonviolence was most evident in the non-cooperation movement.

Salt Satyagraha or Salt March

The Salt March or ‘Salt Satyagraha’ was a non-violent movement led by Mahatma Gandhi against the British monopoly on salt. The British imposed heavy taxes on salt products which affected local salt production. Gandhiji started a 26-day non-violent march to Dandi village in Gujarat in protest against the British government’s monopoly on salt. The Dandi March began from Sabarmati Ashram on 12 March 1930 and ended in Dandi on 6 April 1930, violating the British government’s salt laws and starting local salt production. The Salt March was a non-violent movement that attracted international attention and helped lay the foundation of independent India.

Quit India Movement

After the success of the Salt March movement, the foundation of the British government was completely shaken. The Quit India Movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi on August 8, 1942, demanding the British to leave India. This was the time of World War II, when Britain was already at war with Germany and the Quit India Movement added fuel to the fire. Large-scale non-violent civil disobedience was launched across the country and Indians also called for withdrawal from World War II. The impact of the Quit India Movement was so strong that the British government agreed to grant complete independence to India after the war ended. Quit India Movement was the last nail in the coffin of British rule in India.

These movements led by Mahatma Gandhi were completely non-violent and did not use weapons. The power of truth and non-violence were the weapons used to fight British rule. The effect of nonviolence was so intense that it immediately attracted the attention of the international community to India’s struggle for independence. It helped reveal the harsh policies and deeds of British rule to the international public.


Mahatma Gandhi always believed that guns were not the only answer to any problem; In fact, they created more problems than they solved. It is a tool that spreads hatred, fear and anger. Nonviolence is one of the best ways we can fight against very powerful enemies, without holding a single weapon. Apart from the struggle for independence; There are many episodes in modern times that have demonstrated the importance of non-violence and how it has contributed to bringing about changes in society and all this without shedding a single drop of blood. I hope that the day is not far when there will be no violence and all conflicts and disputes will be resolved through peaceful dialogues without harming anyone or shedding blood, and that would be the greatest tribute to Mahatma Gandhi.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (400 words)

Mahatma Gandhi is known as the “Father of the Nation or Bapu” for his most important contribution to the independence of our country. He was the person who believed in non-violence and unity of people and brought spirituality to Indian politics. He worked hard to eliminate untouchability in Indian society, uplift backward classes in India, raise voice for development of villages for social development and inspired Indians to use indigenous products and other social issues. He called people he knew to participate in the national movement and encouraged them to fight for their true freedom.

He was one of those individuals who transformed people’s dream of freedom into reality through his noble ideals and supreme sacrifices. He is remembered for his wonderful works and primary virtues such as non-violence, truth, love and brotherhood. He was not born excellent but he became great with his hard struggle and work. Raja Harishchandra’s life was greatly influenced by the work Raja Harishchandra. After studying, he graduated in law in England and began his career as a lawyer. He faced many difficulties in his life but continued as a great leader.

It started several mass movements during India’s independence such as the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920, the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930 and finally the Quit India Movement in 1942. After many struggles and hard work, the British government finally gave independence to India. He was a simple man who worked to remove the color barrier and the caste barrier. He also worked hard to eliminate untouchables in Indian society and gave the name “Harijan” to the untouchables, which means people of God.

He was a great social reformer and freedom fighter of India who died a day after completing his life’s mission. He inspired the Indian people to physical labor and said that they should provide themselves with all the resources to live a simple life and become self-sufficient. He started weaving cotton clothes with charkha to avoid the use of foreign products and promote the use of indigenous products among Indians.

He was a strong supporter of agriculture and inspired people to take up agricultural work. He was a spiritual person who brought spirituality to Indian politics. He died on January 30, 1948 and his body was cremated at Rajghat, New Delhi. To pay tribute to him, every year on January 30, Martyrs’ Day is celebrated in India.

Short Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (300 words)

Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter who spent his entire life fighting for India’s independence. He was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat in a Hindu family. He lived his entire life as a leader of the Indian people. His whole life story is a great inspiration to us. He is called Bapu or Father of the Nation because he spent his life fighting against British rule for our freedom. While fighting against the British, they took the help of their big weapons like non-violence and Satyagraha movements to achieve independence. He was arrested and sent to prison several times but was never discouraged and continued to fight for national independence.

He is the father of our nation who gave all his strength to free us from British rule. He understood the power of unity among people (of different castes, religions, communities, races, ages or genders), which he used during his freedom movement. In the end, through his mass movements of August 15, 1947, he forced the British to leave India forever. Since 1947, August 15 is celebrated as Indian Independence Day and the month of August is celebrated as Independence Day in India.

After the independence of India in 1947, he could not continue his life as he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu activist, on January 30, 1948. He was a great personality who served all his life for the homeland until his death. He illuminated our lives with the true light of freedom from British rule. He showed that everything is possible with non-violence and the unity of the people. Even after his death many years ago, he is still alive in the heart of every Indian as “Father of the Nation and Bapu”.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (250 words)

Bapu, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India. Mahatma Gandhi was a great Indian who led India in the independence movement against British rule. He completed his studies in India and went to England to continue his law studies. He returned to India as a lawyer and started practicing law. He started helping the people of India who were humiliated and humiliated by the British rule.

He started a non-violent freedom movement to fight against the injustice of the British. He was humiliated several times but continued his non-violent struggle for Indian independence. After returning to India, he joined the Indian National Congress as a member. He was a great leader of the Indian independence movement who fought hard for India’s independence. As a member of the Indian National Congress, he started independence movements like non-cooperation, civil disobedience and later the Quit India Movement, which one day succeeded and helped India achieve independence.

As a great freedom fighter, he was arrested and sent to jail several times, but he continued to fight against British rule for justice for Indians. He strongly believed in non-violence and unity of people of all religions, which he continued even during the freedom struggle. After several battles with many Indians, he finally managed to make India an independent country on August 15, 1947. He was later assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu activist, on 30 January 1948.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (200 words)

Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent personality of India who still inspires people in the country and abroad through his legacy of greatness, idealism and dignified life. Bapu was born on October 2, 1869 in a Hindu family in Porbandar, Gujarat, India. 2nd October was a big day for India when Bapu was born. He played an incredible and unforgettable role in India’s independence from British rule. Bapu’s full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Soon after passing his matriculation examination he went to England to study law. He later returned to India as a lawyer in 1890.

After reaching India, he started helping Indians who were facing various problems arising from British rule. He started the Satyagraha movement against the British government to help the Indians. Other important movements launched by Bapu for Indian independence are the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920, the Civil Obedience Movement in 1930 and the Quit India Movement in 1942. All the movements shook the British rule in India and inspired many common Indian citizens. fight for freedom.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (150 words)

Mahatma Gandhi is called Mahatma for the great works and greatness done during his lifetime. He was a great freedom fighter and non-violent activist who practiced non-violence throughout his life while leading India to independence from British rule.

He was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India. He was only 18 when he studied law in England. He later moved to the British colony of South Africa to practice law, where being a dark-skinned man made him stand out from white-skinned people. That’s why he decided to become a political activist to bring some positive changes in such unjust laws.

He later returned to India and started a powerful, non-violent movement to make India an independent country. It was he who led the Salt March (Salt Satyagraha or Salt Satyagraha or Dandi March) in 1930. He inspired many Indians to work against British rule for their freedom.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (100 words)

Mahatma Gandhi is famous in India as “Bapu” or “Father of the Nation”. His full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was a great freedom fighter who led India as a leader of nationalism against British rule. He was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India.

He died on January 30, 1948. MK. Gandhi was assassinated by Hindu activist Nathuram Godse, who was later hanged as punishment by the Indian government. Since 1948, Rabindranath Tagore has given him another name, “Martyr of the Nation”.

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